Impacted Teeth

Impacted teeth refer to teeth that are unable to fully emerge or erupt from the gums. This condition can occur due to a variety of reasons, and it often requires professional intervention to avoid complications. 

Understanding Impacted Teeth

When a tooth is impacted, it means that the tooth is unable to break through the gum line and take its normal position in the mouth. This can happen with any tooth, but the most commonly impacted teeth are the third molars, also known as wisdom teeth. Third molars usually erupt between the ages of 17 and 25, but due to various factors, they may fail to emerge properly.

Impacted teeth can cause a range of issues, such as pain, infection, damage to surrounding teeth, and even cyst formation. Understanding the causes of impacted teeth can help shed light on why this condition occurs.

One common reason for impacted teeth is lack of space in the jaw. If the jaw is too small to accommodate the eruption of wisdom teeth, they may become impacted. Additionally, the angle at which the tooth is trying to emerge can also play a role. If the tooth is angled towards another tooth or the back of the mouth, it may not be able to push through the gum line effectively.

Another factor that can lead to impacted teeth is genetics. Some people may inherit a smaller jaw size or a tendency for teeth to become impacted. In such cases, monitoring the growth of wisdom teeth early on can help prevent future issues.

Causes of Impacted Teeth

Several factors can contribute to the development of impacted teeth. One common cause is overcrowding in the mouth. When there is not enough space for a tooth to erupt properly, it may remain partially or completely impacted.

Another cause is abnormal tooth development. Teeth can grow at odd angles or in abnormal positions, making it difficult for them to emerge normally.

Additionally, hereditary factors can play a role. If your parents or siblings had impacted teeth, you may be more likely to develop this condition as well. Other potential causes include trauma to the mouth, infections, and certain medical conditions.

Overcrowding in the mouth can be a result of various factors, such as a discrepancy between jaw size and tooth size. This can lead to teeth being blocked from erupting properly, causing them to become impacted. Poor alignment of teeth due to orthodontic issues can also contribute to overcrowding, increasing the likelihood of teeth becoming impacted.

Abnormal tooth development can be influenced by genetic factors, where certain genes may predispose individuals to irregular tooth growth patterns. Additionally, environmental factors such as childhood habits like thumb sucking or prolonged use of pacifiers can impact tooth development, potentially leading to teeth becoming impacted.

When it comes to impacted teeth, there are a few key factors that can influence the severity of symptoms experienced. The angle at which the tooth is impacted can play a significant role in the level of discomfort a person may feel. For example, a tooth that is partially impacted at an angle may cause more pain and swelling compared to a tooth that is fully impacted in a straight position. Additionally, the stage of impaction can also impact the symptoms. Early-stage impaction may present with mild discomfort and occasional swelling, while advanced impaction can lead to intense pain, infection, and even damage to surrounding teeth.Furthermore, the location of the impacted tooth within the mouth can have varying effects on a person’s overall oral health. For instance, an impacted wisdom tooth at the back of the mouth may cause issues with proper alignment of the surrounding teeth, leading to crowding or shifting. In some cases, the pressure from an impacted tooth can result in damage to the adjacent teeth or even the jawbone. It is essential to address impacted teeth promptly to prevent complications and maintain optimal oral health. Regular dental check-ups and X-rays can help identify impacted teeth early on, allowing for timely intervention and treatment.

Diagnosing Impacted Teeth

If you suspect you have impacted teeth, it is crucial to visit a dental professional for an accurate diagnosis. During the examination, the dentist will perform a thorough evaluation of your mouth and may order dental X-rays to assess the position and condition of the impacted teeth. This will help determine the best course of action for treatment.

Impacted teeth occur when a tooth is unable to fully emerge through the gums due to an obstruction. This obstruction can be caused by various factors, such as overcrowding in the mouth, abnormal tooth development, or the presence of extra teeth. In some cases, impacted teeth may not cause any immediate symptoms, but they can lead to complications if left untreated.

When diagnosing impacted teeth, the dentist will also consider the potential risks associated with the condition. Impacted teeth can increase the risk of infection, tooth decay, and gum disease in the affected area. Additionally, impacted teeth can cause pain, swelling, and difficulty chewing or opening the mouth fully. Early detection and treatment of impacted teeth are essential to prevent these complications and maintain optimal oral health.

Treatment Options for Impacted Teeth

The treatment for impacted teeth depends on several factors, including the severity of the impaction and the overall oral health of the individual. In some cases, no treatment may be necessary if the impacted teeth are not causing any problems.

However, if treatment is required, the dentist may recommend extraction of the impacted tooth or teeth. Extraction is often the preferred option, as it eliminates the risk of future complications and promotes oral health. The extraction procedure can usually be performed in-office under local anesthesia, ensuring a comfortable experience for the patient.

In more complex cases where the impacted tooth is situated close to vital structures such as nerves or sinuses, a referral to an oral surgeon may be necessary. Oral surgeons have specialized training and equipment to handle challenging extractions with precision and care, minimizing the risk of damage to surrounding tissues.

After the extraction, the dentist will provide post-operative instructions to promote proper healing and reduce the risk of complications such as infection. It is important for patients to follow these instructions diligently to ensure a smooth recovery process and optimal outcomes.

Surgical Procedures for Impacted Teeth

In more complex cases, surgical extraction may be necessary. This is particularly true for impacted wisdom teeth, as they may be firmly lodged in the jawbone or surrounded by dense tissues. Surgical extraction involves making an incision in the gum tissue and sometimes removing a small portion of bone to access the impacted tooth.

The surgical procedure is typically performed by an oral surgeon who has specialized training in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Prior to the surgery, the oral surgeon will discuss the procedure in detail, including any potential risks or complications.

During the surgical extraction of impacted teeth, the oral surgeon may use specialized tools such as elevators and forceps to carefully remove the tooth from its position. In some cases, the tooth may need to be sectioned into smaller pieces for easier removal. This meticulous process ensures minimal trauma to the surrounding tissues and promotes faster healing.

After the impacted tooth is successfully extracted, the oral surgeon will provide post-operative instructions to ensure proper healing and prevent complications. This may include guidelines on pain management, oral hygiene practices, and dietary restrictions. Following these instructions diligently can help reduce the risk of infection and promote a smooth recovery process.

Complications of Untreated Impacted Teeth

Leaving impacted teeth untreated can lead to various complications. One of the most common complications is the development of cysts or tumors around the impacted tooth. These growths can cause damage to the surrounding bone and tissues and may require more extensive treatment.

Infection is another potential complication. When a tooth is impacted, it is more challenging to clean properly, increasing the risk of bacterial buildup and infection. Untreated infections can spread to other parts of the mouth and even the bloodstream, leading to severe health problems.

Furthermore, untreated impacted teeth can also lead to the misalignment of adjacent teeth. The pressure exerted by the impacted tooth can cause neighboring teeth to shift out of their proper positions, resulting in bite issues and potential jaw pain. This misalignment can also lead to difficulties in chewing and speaking, affecting the overall functionality of the mouth.

Moreover, impacted teeth can create sinus problems. In the case of upper impacted teeth, they can push against the sinuses, leading to sinus pain, congestion, and even sinus infections. These sinus issues can exacerbate existing dental problems and cause discomfort and difficulty in breathing.

Tips for Preventing Impacted Teeth

While the development of impacted teeth cannot always be prevented, there are some steps you can take to minimize the risk. Regular dental check-ups and X-rays can help identify potential impaction early on, allowing for timely intervention.

If overcrowding is a concern, your dentist may recommend orthodontic treatment to create more space in your mouth. Good oral hygiene is also crucial in preventing infections and maintaining overall oral health.

Another important factor in preventing impacted teeth is understanding the role of genetics. Some people may be more predisposed to experiencing impaction due to the size and shape of their jaw or the alignment of their teeth. By knowing your family history and discussing it with your dentist, you can be proactive in addressing any potential risks early on.

In addition to regular dental visits, maintaining a healthy diet can also play a significant role in preventing impacted teeth. Foods high in calcium and vitamin D are essential for strong teeth and bones, which can help support proper tooth eruption and alignment. Avoiding sticky and hard-to-chew foods can also reduce the risk of impaction, especially in individuals with limited space in their mouths.

Impacted Teeth in Children vs. Adults

Impacted teeth can affect both children and adults, but there are some differences between the two age groups. In children, the most commonly impacted teeth are the permanent first molars and canines. Early detection and intervention are essential to ensure appropriate treatment and prevent complications as the child’s jaw and facial structures continue to develop.

In adults, impacted third molars, or wisdom teeth, are frequent occurrences. These teeth may need to be extracted even if they are not causing immediate problems, as they can lead to future complications.

When it comes to impacted teeth in children, the positioning of the teeth within the jaw plays a crucial role in determining the best course of action. Orthodontic treatment may be necessary to create enough space for the impacted teeth to erupt properly. In some cases, a surgical procedure may be required to expose the impacted tooth and facilitate its eruption.

In contrast, impacted wisdom teeth in adults often result from a lack of space in the jaw to accommodate these additional molars. This can lead to various issues such as pain, infection, and damage to neighboring teeth. Regular dental examinations are essential to monitor the development of wisdom teeth and determine if extraction is necessary to prevent future complications.

Lifestyle Changes to Manage Impacted Teeth

If you have impacted teeth, certain lifestyle changes can help manage the condition and minimize discomfort. Avoiding hard or chewy foods that can put additional pressure on the impacted area is advisable. Maintaining a proper oral hygiene routine, including regular brushing and flossing, is crucial to prevent infections.

Furthermore, practicing stress management techniques can be beneficial, as heightened stress levels can lead to teeth grinding or clenching, which may exacerbate the symptoms of impacted teeth.

In addition to dietary adjustments and stress management, regular dental check-ups are essential for individuals with impacted teeth. Dentists can monitor the condition closely, provide professional cleanings to prevent plaque buildup, and offer personalized advice on oral care tailored to the specific needs of impacted teeth.

Moreover, incorporating gentle jaw exercises into your daily routine can help alleviate tension in the jaw muscles caused by impacted teeth. These exercises can promote better jaw mobility and reduce discomfort associated with the condition.


Impacted teeth raises many questions among patients.
Some frequently asked questions include:

Yes, impacted teeth are relatively common, especially wisdom teeth impaction.

Yes! In some cases, impacted teeth can cause referred pain, leading to headaches or facial discomfort.

Yes, impacted teeth can contribute to orthodontic issues, such as crowding or misalignment of other teeth.

Over-the-counter pain relievers, prescribed medications, and warm saltwater rinses can help alleviate pain associated with impacted teeth. However, it is essential to seek professional advice for a long-term solution.


These are just a few commonly asked questions about impacted teeth. If you have any concerns or specific questions, it is best to consult with a dental professional for personalized advice.

It’s important to note that impacted teeth can vary in severity and symptoms. While some impacted teeth may cause minimal discomfort and go unnoticed, others can lead to more significant issues if left untreated. Regular dental check-ups and X-rays can help identify impacted teeth early on, allowing for timely intervention and management.

In some cases, impacted teeth may require surgical extraction to prevent complications such as infections, cysts, or damage to neighboring teeth. The decision to remove impacted teeth is typically made by a dental specialist after a thorough evaluation of the individual’s oral health and the specific circumstances of the impaction.



Impacted teeth are a prevalent oral health issue that can cause various complications if left untreated. Understanding the causes, signs, and symptoms of impacted teeth is crucial for early detection and intervention. Timely treatment, such as extraction or surgical procedures, can help prevent future problems and maintain optimal oral health.

Remember to consult with a dental professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan if you suspect you have impacted teeth. By taking proactive measures and seeking professional advice, you can effectively manage impacted teeth and ensure a healthy smile for years to come.


Get Expert Care for Your Impacted Teeth at Genç Dental

If you’re dealing with the discomfort of impacted teeth or want to ensure your oral health is in top shape, Genç Dental® is here to help. Our oral health polyclinic, staffed with specialist physicians for every treatment, has been delivering healthy smiles since 2015.

We pride ourselves on our academic excellence and commitment to staying abreast of the latest advancements in dental care. Don’t let impacted teeth affect your quality of life.

Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards a healthier, happier smile.

We created useful tips for you

Dental Implants Guide

Discover everything you need to know about dental implants in our comprehensive ultimate guide.

Free Consultation

We have Whatsapp

Click the button located below on every page.

Our commitment to your satisfaction and well-being is unwavering. At our dental clinic, we guarantee the highest standards of care, professionalism, and integrity in every service we provide. Rest assured, your dental health is our top priority, and we stand behind our treatments with confidence.