What is Orthognathic Surgery: Benefits and Process

Discover the transformative benefits and detailed step-by-step process of orthognathic surgery in this comprehensive article.

What is Orthognathic Surgery: Benefits and Process

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Orthognathic surgery, also known as corrective jaw surgery, is a surgical procedure to correct jaw and facial irregularities. This is done by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon in collaboration with an orthodontist. Orthognathic surgery can fix misaligned jaws, bite problems and facial asymmetry. In this article we will explain what is orthognathic surgery, why you would need it, benefits, pre-surgery preparation, step by step surgical process, post surgery recovery, long term results and follow up care.

What is Orthognathic Surgery

Orthognathic surgery is a complex surgical procedure to reposition the jaws to get them in alignment and function. It is recommended for people who have jaw discrepancies that cannot be corrected with orthodontic treatment alone. The surgery aims to improve the patient’s bite, facial appearance and overall oral health. By repositioning the jaws orthognathic surgery can help the patient to chew, speak and breathe properly.

Why Orthognathic Surgery

There are many reasons why people would choose to have orthognathic surgery. One of the main reasons is to correct a malocclusion which is an improper alignment of the teeth and jaws. Malocclusions can cause biting, chewing and speaking problems as well as facial asymmetry. Orthognathic surgery can also be done to fix conditions such as temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, sleep apnea and obstructive breathing problems.

Another reason for orthognathic surgery is to improve the facial appearance. People with severe jaw discrepancies may have facial disharmony which can affect their self confidence and overall quality of life. By correcting these structural issues orthognathic surgery can help people to have a more balanced and harmonious facial profile.

Benefits of Orthognathic Surgery

Orthognathic surgery has many benefits for the patient. One of the main benefits is facial aesthetics. By repositioning the jaws orthognathic surgery can improve the overall symmetry and balance of the face and get a more pleasing appearance. This can boost the patient’s self esteem and confidence.

In addition to the aesthetic benefits orthognathic surgery can also improve the patient’s oral health. Misaligned jaws can cause tooth decay, gum disease and temporomandibular joint disorders. By correcting these structural issues orthognathic surgery can alleviate these oral health problems and improve the patient’s overall dental health.

Also orthognathic surgery can have a big impact on the patient’s functional abilities. By repositioning the jaws the surgery can help the patient to bite, chew and speak properly. This can lead to better digestion, better nutrition and clearer speech.

Pre-surgery Preparation

Before undergoing orthognathic surgery thorough preparation is needed to achieve the best results. The process starts with a comprehensive evaluation by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon and an orthodontist. This may involve taking X-rays, photographs and dental impressions to assess the patient’s jaw structure and alignment.

After the evaluation a treatment plan will be developed outlining the surgical procedures and orthodontic treatments required. The patient will also be given detailed instructions on pre-surgery preparation which may include dietary restrictions, medication adjustments and oral hygiene protocols.

Surgical Procedure

The surgical procedure for orthognathic surgery is done under general anesthesia in a hospital or surgical center. The steps may vary depending on the individual case but the general process is as follows:

  1. Incisions: The surgeon will make incisions inside the mouth to access the jawbones. This approach eliminates the need for external incisions and minimizes visible scarring.
  2. Repositioning of Jaws: The surgeon will reposition the jaws to the desired position. This may involve removing or reshaping of the jawbone, using plates, screws or wires to secure the new position.
  3. Bone Grafting: In some cases bone grafts may be needed to augment the jawbone structure and support the new jaw position. This involves taking bone from another part of the body or using synthetic materials.
  4. Closure: Once the jaws are repositioned the surgeon will close the incisions with dissolvable sutures.

Post-surgery Recovery

The recovery process after orthognathic surgery may vary depending on the individual and the extent of the procedure. Immediately after the surgery the patient will be monitored in a recovery area until the effects of the anesthesia wear off. Pain medication and antibiotics may be prescribed to manage the discomfort and prevent infection.

In the first few days of recovery the patient may experience swelling, bruising and discomfort in the facial area. Follow the surgeon’s post-operative instructions which may include applying ice packs, taking prescribed medications and eating a soft food diet. Regular follow up appointments will be scheduled to monitor the healing process and make any necessary adjustments to the treatment plan.

Long term Results and Follow up

Orthognathic surgery can give long term results for both functional and aesthetic improvement of the jaw and facial structure. However please note that the full healing process may take several months and the final results may not be visible until then.

After orthognathic surgery the patient will continue with orthodontic treatment to ensure the teeth are in proper alignment. This may involve wearing braces or other orthodontic appliances for a certain period of time.

Regular follow up appointments with the oral and maxillofacial surgeon and orthodontist will be needed to monitor the progress and make any necessary adjustments to the treatment plan. The patient should maintain good oral hygiene and attend all scheduled appointments to get optimal long term results.

In summary orthognathic surgery is a complex surgical procedure that can benefit individuals with jaw discrepancies. By aligning the jaws orthognathic surgery can improve facial aesthetics, oral health and functional abilities. Pre-surgery preparation, step by step surgical process and post-surgery recovery process is crucial for the success of the outcome. Long term results and follow up is important to maintain the optimal alignment and function of the jaws. If you are considering orthognathic surgery consult with an experienced oral and maxillofacial surgeon to see if this is right for you.

Get in touch with Genç Dental

If you are looking for orthognathic surgery to improve your facial aesthetics and oral functionality Genç Dental® will be with you every step of the way. Since 2015 our oral health polyclinic has been providing services regionally and internationally with a team of specialist doctors to give you the healthy smile you deserve. Our academically inclined doctors are committed to lifelong learning and innovation in dental care. Contact us today to book a consultation and start your journey to your best oral health.

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