Periodontology: Tips for Healthy Gums for Life

Periodontology: Tips for Healthy Gums for Life

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Welcome to the ultimate guide to periodontology! In this article we will cover all the tips and tricks to have healthy gums for life. Periodontology, also known as periodontics, is the branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect the gums and other supporting structures of the teeth.


Proper brushing techniques are key to healthy gums. Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a soft toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Here are the tips:

  • Hold your toothbrush at 45 degree angle to your gums.
  • Use gentle circular motions to clean the outer and inner surfaces of your teeth.
  • Don’t forget to brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen your breath.


Flossing is part of oral hygiene that helps remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth and along the gumline. Here are the flossing tips:

  • Use a piece of floss about 18 inches long.
  • Gently slide the floss between your teeth, follow the curve of each tooth.
  • Don’t snap the floss against your gums, it can cause irritation.
  • Floss both sides of each tooth, including the back molars.

Regular Dental Check-ups

Regular dental check-ups are key to healthy gums. During these visits your dentist will examine your gums, teeth and overall oral health. They can detect early signs of gum disease and treat it. Also professional dental cleanings remove plaque and tartar buildup that can’t be removed by regular brushing and flossing.

Visit your dentist every 6 months for routine check-ups and cleanings. However your dentist may recommend more frequent visits if you have gum disease or other oral health issues.

Healthy Diet for Gums

A healthy diet is key to healthy gums. Here are the dietary tips:

  • Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables as they are rich in vitamins and minerals for gums.
  • Limit sugary and acidic foods as they can cause tooth decay and gum disease.
  • Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and promote saliva production which helps wash away bacteria and food particles.
  • Eat foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids like salmon and walnuts as they have anti-inflammatory properties that’s good for gum health.

Avoid Tobacco Products

Tobacco use, smoking and chewing, increases the risk of gum disease. Smoking weakens the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight off infections including gum infections. It also reduces blood flow to the gums making it harder for them to heal. Quitting tobacco products is key to healthy gums and overall oral health.

Stress for Oral Health

Stress can affect your oral health including your gums. When you are stressed your body’s ability to fight off infections is compromised making you more prone to gum disease. Stress can also cause teeth grinding and clenching which can cause gum recession and other dental problems. Finding healthy ways to manage stress like exercise, meditation or seeking support can help your gums.

Gum Disease Symptoms

Gum disease also known as periodontal disease is a common condition that affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. Knowing the early signs of gum disease is key to timely intervention. Here are the common symptoms to watch out for:

  • Red, swollen or tender gums
  • Bleeding gums especially during brushing or flossing
  • Receding gums or teeth looking longer
  • Bad breath that won’t go away
  • Loose or shifting teeth

If you have any of these symptoms, consult your dentist for proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Gum Disease Treatment

The gum disease treatment depends on the severity of the condition. Mild cases of gum disease can be managed with improved oral hygiene, professional cleanings and regular dental check-ups. But more advanced cases may require additional treatments like:

  • Scaling and root planing: This deep cleaning procedure removes plaque and tartar below the gumline and smoothens the tooth roots to promote gum reattachment.
  • Antibiotics: In some cases antibiotics may be prescribed to control bacterial infections and reduce inflammation.
  • Gum surgery: Advanced gum disease may require surgical intervention like flap surgery or bone grafting to restore gum health and stabilize the teeth.

Oral Hygiene

Oral hygiene is the key to gum health. Besides brushing and flossing, it’s important to maintain a consistent oral hygiene routine. Here are the additional tips for oral hygiene:

  • Use an antimicrobial mouthwash to reduce bacteria and freshen breath.
  • Replace your toothbrush every 3-4 months or sooner if the bristles are frayed.
  • Consider using an electric toothbrush which can be more effective in removing plaque.
  • Clean your tongue regularly using a tongue scraper or your toothbrush to remove bacteria and bad breath.


Mouthwash also known as oral rinse can be a great addition to your oral hygiene routine. Here are the benefits of mouthwash:

  • Kills bacteria: Mouthwash with antimicrobial properties can reduce the bacteria in your mouth for gum health.
  • Freshens breath: Mouthwash can freshen breath by eliminating odor causing bacteria.
  • Reaches hard to reach areas: Mouthwash can reach areas that are hard to clean with a toothbrush or floss for added protection against gum disease.

Choose an alcohol-free mouthwash with ADA seal of approval for best results.

Gum Recession

Gum recession occurs when the gum tissue pulls away from the tooth, exposing the tooth roots. It can cause tooth sensitivity, increased risk of decay and aesthetic concerns. Here are the tips to prevent gum recession:

  • Practice good oral hygiene to prevent gum disease which is the leading cause of gum recession.
  • Avoid aggressive brushing and use a soft-bristled toothbrush to minimize gum tissue damage.
  • Wear a mouthguard if you grind or clench your teeth to protect your gums from excessive pressure.
  • Quit smoking or using tobacco products.

Good Oral Habits

Good oral habits are key to lifelong healthy gums. Here are the additional tips:

  • Be consistent with your oral hygiene routine: brushing, flossing and mouthwash.
  • Visit your dentist for check-ups and professional cleanings.
  • Be aware of any changes in your oral health and see your dentist if needed.
  • Eat balanced diet and avoid sugary and acidic foods.
  • Manage your stress to protect your gums.

By following these tips and good oral habits you can have lifetime healthy gums and a beautiful smile!

Contact Genç Dental

Ready to take the next step to lifelong healthy gums? At Genç Dental®, our team of specialist physicians and academic-minded doctors are here to provide you the best care. With our commitment to innovation and learning we ensure your smile is in good hands. Don’t wait to start your journey to optimal oral health. Contact us today to schedule your appointment and join thousands of patients who trust Genç Dental® for their dental needs.

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