What Causes Tooth Breakage?

A broken tooth refers to a crack or fracture in the tooth. This condition, also known as tooth fracture syndrome, can occur for various reasons. It usually occurs depending on age, nutrition, tooth structure and some diseases. Tooth fractures most often occur in the crown (visible part) of the tooth, but can also occur in the root part. It can affect any or all of the dental layers.

The main causes of tooth fractures are:

  • Age factor: The risk of tooth fracture increases in individuals over 50 years of age.
  • Hard and solid foods: Chewing foods such as candy, ice, hazelnuts, hard corn grains or trying to break their shells can cause fractures in the teeth.
  • Habits that put teeth under pressure: Habits such as chewing gum, chewing ice, grinding teeth (bruxism) and clenching the jaw put extra pressure on the teeth, increasing the risk of fracture.
  • Large fillings and root canal treatment: Teeth with large fillings or root canal treatment may break.
  • Traumas: Teeth fractures may occur as a result of falling from a height, sports accidents, car accidents or severe impacts.
  • Temperature changes: Eating or drinking something cold quickly after consuming extremely hot food may cause cracks in the teeth.

In tooth fracture syndrome, some symptoms may occur. These are:

  • Pain: Pain that begins with functions such as chewing, speaking or biting and increases over time.
  • Sensitivity: Sensitivity or numbness that increases with the consumption of hot or cold foods.
  • Discomfort: Increased discomfort after consuming sugary foods.
  • Swelling and redness: Swelling or redness in and around the gums.

It is important to see a dentist to diagnose a tooth fracture. The dentist detects the broken tooth by performing a physical examination and, if necessary, uses imaging methods such as x-rays or computed tomography.

Tooth fractures can be divided into different types:

  • Cracked teeth: Vertical cracks extending from the surface of the tooth to the gums.
  • Hairline cracks: Fine cracks that occur in tooth enamel.
  • Filling fractures: Fractures occurring around large fillings.
  • Broken tooth: A situation where the tooth is usually broken into two pieces.
  • Vertical tooth root fractures: Vertical fractures occurring in the root part of the tooth.

Treatment for broken teeth varies depending on the type and severity of the fracture. Early treatment helps prevent complications and repair the tooth close to its original shape.